AWS D () SS Discoloration – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. AWS D – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. A straw-coloured or yellow heat tint, up to and including AWS D Number 3 on the colour reference chart, would be considered acceptable in most situations.

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Purging for suitable weld color is relatively simple. In the interest of exercising control over the weld profile, the ID purge is introduced with a certain level of pressure, and in order to maintain xws and repeatability that pressure must be consistent throughout the weld, and from weld to weld.

It is conventional wisdom that the semiconductor industry was, and remains, the primary driver for the as improvement of orbital autogenous weld profiles and internal cleanliness for process gas delivery tubing.

SEMI Standard F78 includes a chart with minimum and maximum purge pressures and flow rates for various tube sizes and wall thicknesses. In order for all color to be eliminated, oxygen levels must depending on the material fall below approximately 20 ppm.

This level of measurement and accuracy permits the EXEL SG-1 to repeatedly maintain the exact internal pressure required for a perfect weld. The combination of flow rate and prepurge time determines how much oxygen is still present, and thus, the amount of weld color caused by oxidation. However, this value will only be correct for the specific assembly tested.

Purging for Improved Weld Profile

Since the pressures are quite low, on the order of 0. The only remaining hurdle is to obtain the corresponding inlet pressure for the known weld pressure, and fortunately, the EXEL SG-1 also provides the capability of measuring the inlet and weld pressures simultaneously. The prepurge time is an empirically derived value dependent on many factors including tube size, gas flow rate, exit orifice size, number, sizes and locations d81.2 dead-legs awa other components that can trap atmosphere, and thus take more time to purge.


Most users are satisfied with the results obtained with pure argon as a purging medium; although a few organizations like to add a small percentage of hydrogen to produce a reducing environment. However, gauging the internal pressure such that the weld ID profile is acceptably flat is a more difficult task.

This variable orifice is especially important because as the joint is welded shut, the effective purge gas exit area is reduced, so as the joint is sealed the SG-1 is making real-time adjustments to accurately maintain the required pressure. This experimentation requires several trial pressures, with a weld coupon created for each test condition, until acceptable results are obtained; a time consuming and costly activity. In addition, measuring the pressure some distance from the weld location due to pressured drop will not provide an accurate method of determining the pressure at the weld zone.

One way to establish the inlet pressure d182 to repeat the empirical testing with the inlet pressure as the controlled variable.

Once that is determined, the next problem is to correlate the required pressure at the weld with the measured pressure at the delivery inlet. Dennis Cobb has spent more than 25 years both designing and managing the design of semiconductor capital equipment.

The unit then utilizes this offset for all welds performed with this same configuration. Welding Journal, July Experimentation is required to establish the ideal pressure for a given tube size, wall thickness and material.

Purging for Improved Weld Profile | Arc Machines, Inc.

The required weld pressure is input to the device, and it correctly offsets the pressure for the tubing configuration as tested. Orbital Welding Internal Pressure Control. Purging for Improved Weld Profile. Many methods have been devised to deliver the purge gas to the weld site, but few methods exist to control the internal gas pressure, thus the internal weld profile.


He is a registered professional California Electrical Engineer. In addition, most standard gas pressure regulators are not nearly accurate enough to deliver the exacting performance required. If another configuration is to be welded, the entire experiment must be repeated.

Since the pressures are given as a range, they serve as a useful starting point for the empirical determination of the best pressure for the ideal weld profile. Figure 1 – AWS D However, given the dangers associated with the use of hydrogen, it is hard to recommend it unless a critical need exists. Since the internal pressure at the weld-site is dependent upon the purge gas delivery pressure, the distance from the entry measurement point and the weld, and the gas venting rate, a closed loop pressure controller is required, such that a specific, low value pressure can be maintained.

However, in recent years, this focus on smooth, clean, particle-free internal weld requirement has migrated from the semiconductor industry to the biopharmaceutical industry, and on to the food equipment industry.

The internal pressure at the weld location, typically arrived at empirically, is influenced by the gas flow rate and the size of the exit orifice. The input gas is controlled both for pressure and d81.2, using a variable orifice iris controlled by a microprocessor in a closed loop system.

The initial purpose of internal tube purging with inert gas usually argon was the prevention of surface oxidation on the internal diameter of the tubing surrounding the weld Heat Affected Zone.