: Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (): Catalina De Erauso, Michele Stepto, Gabri Stepto: Books. : Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (Audible Audio Edition): Catalina de Erauso, Michele Stepto – translator. Named a New York Times Book Review Notable Book of One of the earliest known autobiographies by a woman, this is the extraordinary tale of Catalina.

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Who’s who in Gay and Lesbian History: El primer aire de libertad”. She was taken to jail again and through efforts of her master Juan de Urquiza, and the bishop of that place, she was released on the condition that she married Dona Beatriz de Cardenas, lady of her master and aunt of the man who had his face cut.

Catalina de Erauso was detained in her cell because of the constant fights she had with a widowed novice named Catalina de Alirli.

In —, she petitioned the Spanish Crown for financial reward for her services as a soldier in the Ce World. Filled with guilt and grief, he decided to desert from the army.

The details of her life, however, are much harder to pin down. There was always a demand for soldiers in Chile, as the Mapuche there were one of the few native peoples who had managed to resist Spanish conquest.

The story of Catalina was as compelling then as liieutenant had been during her life, and though he remains an undeservedly obscure figure there have been several plays and movies based on the nun who became a soldier. She went to the fight with another person, and in the fight the man’s friend was killed.

Lieutenant Nun

Across several chapters seven in totalcarefully and methodically the author builds a clear set of comparisons to support the central claim contained in her research. The bishop was utterly astonished by this, but when an examination of Catalina by a pair of midwives revealed both the truth of the story cataluna her still intact virginity, he was convinced.


Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. The third time he tried it, Catalina nailed his hand to the table with a dagger. After being dismissed, she found a company recruiting, whose aim was the conquest of Chile and, beset erauwo the need to find a new job, she enlisted under the command of Captain Gonzalo Rodriguez.

According to her autobiography, Catalina de Erauso was born inalthough the surviving record of her baptism notes a date of just a small indication of the confusion about many of the details of her tumultuous, adventure-filled life. Off he went to manage a store in Trujillo on the coast. In English, the memoir is available through the Early Americas Digital Archive ; the translation, by Dan Harvey Pedrick, can be accessed by clicking here.

This section also was an intersection of not only gender, but also class and profession. Jun 30, Pages. According to her memoirs, she embarked on Holy Monday, to America. Terrible People from History spain south america nun Catalina de Erauso soldier.

Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun

Memoir, novel with autobiographical characteristics, and historical autobiography have been some of the more common perspectives from which Vida y sucesos has been studied, not including various attempts to use the text to support political agendas. Archived from the original on 14 July Praise A rollicking, swashbuckling tale. Other scholars, such as Matthew Goldmark, also argue for Erauso’s sexual orientation and identity.

However, she decided to run away again.

Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun | Stuff You Missed in History Class

In Ayacucho he barely escaped arrest and managed to find sanctuary with the local Bishop, Francisco Verdugo Cabrera. Later, she narrated this lieutneant her autobiography, which gave her great fame. Catalina seems to have been a fairly personable fellow, as he never had any difficulty finding work and seems to have aways done well at it.

The convent where Catalina was held prisoner is now a museum. Finally, the manuscript was published in in Paris by Julio Didot with the title story of The Nun Lieutenant, written by herself, and a few decades later was republished by Heredia inmarking this version of her autobiography the revival of interest and research into her life.


She ileutenant one last escapade on the trip over as she had been hired to be the bodyguard of a girl being sent to Mexico to be wed. In addition to seeking reward for her time at war, she also sought compensation for money she lost while spent traveling to Rome.

She was responsible for the business for nine months, but was fired when discovered fondling a woman, the sister of her masters wife. She died twenty years later inreportedly of a heart attack. In Piscobamba, by quarreling, she killed another individual. An Early Modern Autobiography. According to the text, he got into more than one fight and killed more than one man, and in one case was caught and condemned to hang.

Because of her explosive character and the difficulty the nuns faced to control her, she was transferred to the Convent of San Bartolome de San Sebastian until she was 15, where the rules were much stricter. He was married to her mother’s cousin. There was an encounter with the sister-in-law of a Lima merchant, a quarrel with Erauso’s brother over his mistress and other occasions of Erauso being betrothed to women in the New World.

The book was published in France in under the title of The Nun Lieutenant. When she arrived, she was not as lucky as before, she did not find a place to sleep nor a patron.

Despite the existence of her own memoirs, probably written aroundCatalina de Erauso ended up disappearing from most known historical records, specifically in the period running between her return to Spain in and her return to the Indies, until the eighteenth century. It is during this same period that she is said to have written or dictated accounts vary her memoir.

Fairleigh Dickinson UP,