AB. The International Marine Contractors Association. Guidance on. Failure Modes & Effects Analyses (FMEAs). IMCA M April AB. IMCA M, Guidelines for Failure Modes and Effects Analyses (FMEA). • IMCA M, FMEA Management. • IMO MSC Circular , Guidelines for Vessels with . IMCA M “Guidance on Failure Modes and Effects Analysis” o. IMCA M “ FMEA Management Guide”. 2 Unless expressly stated in this Guidance document.

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But a fault on the resulting cable loop between both computers would have caused a power failure to both computers and loss of all automatic positioning control. These fall into four categories after the failure, i. Click Here to Learn More. This will include loss of redundancy where a further failure may cause loss of position.

The primary events of a high-order tree may be the top events of lower order trees. Please refer to Chapter 3. Who wants an FMEA and why? Essentially, the items on the Corrective Action Report Forms are recommendations which are to be listed in the Report. The intention is, essentially, to confirm failure modes and not test the whole system for correct installation.

One was from 48V DC, provided from a common bus bar by battery and parallel connected float chargers, and the other from V AC, provided from a common bus bar by inverters supplied from the 48V DC source. A tool in the hands of an inexperienced craftsman will not produce a good product and so it is with an FMEA. They are intended to confirm system redundancy and fault-tolerance to failures of individual pieces of equipment in the various subsystems.

Loss of the fan then caused both of the UPS chargers to trip through further interlocking. The FMEA document is considered to be acceptable as long as all the relevant information contained therein meets the intent of the Rules. Defining the boundaries of the system to be analysed The benefit of block diagrams.

There is no set maximum and minimum content, but sufficient documentation must be included in the report to substantiate what has been done during the analysis and how the findings were achieved.

Thruster units are to be installed in separate machinery compartments, separated by a watertight A class division. Two problems were revealed. This document gives guidance on what form the FMEA deliverables should take. This naturally tends to affect existing vessels more where there is less scope for design changes.


The failure modes and their causes and effects should be able to be understood without any need to refer to other plans and documents not in the report.

Examples of Common Mode Failures: Where DP is concerned, on new builds and conversions, the vessel owner or yard typically contracts for the study near the end of the vessel construction or conversion phase with the objective of identifying any single imda failures.

What QRA cannot do is make the decisions about safeguarding against accidents.

Case study – Load sharing imbalance caused loss of position – IMCA

A top down FMEA starts from the overall system level and progresses to the next level down, or subsystem level, and on down to the equipment item and component level. However, potential electrical failures are the most difficult to spot from design drawings, due to the complexity of some systems imcx the fact that the consequences of small electrical failures, such as loose connections, are almost impossible to determine without lengthy and costly investigations.

All actions necessary for retaining an item in, or restoring it to, a serviceable condition. It was used as a reliability evaluation technique to determine the effect of system and equipment failures.

All participants should review the test procedures i,ca that the procedures and expected failure effects are well understood. Besides fault trees, event trees can be used in QRA. So what if it was feasible…. Iimca the momentary blackout stopped the thrusters which were fixed pitch propellers driven by SCR controlled main motors. By ica these events it is possible to determine whether or not the availability targets of the system will be met.

Classification Societies will only assess the system to either Class 2 or Class 3 and nothing in between.

The name or nomenclature of the item or system function being analysed for failure mode and effects is listed. These Consequence Classes and Equipment Classes therefore dictate that a Consequence Class 0 operation can be carried out by the equivalent of an Equipment Class 1 vessel with little or no redundancy or, indeed, a vessel with much more redundancy, whereas a Consequence Class 3 operation can only be carried out by the equivalent of an Equipment Class 3 vessel with considerable redundancy.


However, reference systems and thruster systems in particular still give rise for concern. In conducting the FMEA, consideration should be given to environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and vibration, which could have the same effect on both items in a redundant pair, and to the systems which control these environmental factors. An FMEA is a design tool that has been around for many years and is recognised as an essential function in design from concept through to the development of every conceivable type of equipment.

An FMEA can be applied to any item, system or process that could fail. Human error analysis and task analysis These techniques are used to identify critical RAM Parameters.

Where DP is concerned, the team should consist of knowledgeable individuals with expertise in systems relating to machinery, control, electrical and naval architecture. A recommendation was made to increase security of the system by splitting the system and providing additional pumping capacity. This can have the effect of preventing the improvement in design of a piece of equipment as it evolves, or reaching the wrong conclusions when analysing system ijca.

During the course of the analysis, there will be failure modes that are difficult to assess. When the overloaded generator eventually tripped, the low system voltage caused tripping of the other generator breakers.

Guidance on failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA)

Significant types of failure mode that have been revealed during FMEAs, including some failure modes revealed ica could have had a major effect on a DP system, are discussed in Appendix 4. The performance level should include that for an intact system with no failures and also that for a system suffering a single failure usually the worst case failure scenario.

If after the criticality analysis, it is shown to fail every ten years, what the analysis does not do is to indicate when it will fail, i. On one vessel, all DP computers were located in the same cubicle.