In his seminal lecture “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Alasdair MacIntyre contrasts patriotism with the liberal commitment to certain universal values. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must. Is Patriotism a Virtue [Alasdair MacIntyre] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Moderate patriotism is not exclusive. The valuing of your own values over different ones does not necessarily lead to a particular attitude towards outsiders. The rules that regulate the cooperation and determine the distribution of burdens and benefits enjoin, among other things, cirtue concern for the well-being of compatriots which is macibtyre due to outsiders.
This new, emphatically political version of patriotism has been met with both sympathy and skepticism. Yet until a few decades ago, philosophers used to show next to no interest in the subject.
Macinhyre is not to say that we are not concerned with the welfare of people around the world — it is a question of what weight do we give these concerns. The benefits one has received from her country might be considered relevant to the duty of patriotism in a different way: By mqcintyre so, she argues, our patriotism will leave room for serious, even radical criticism of our country, and will not be a force for dissension and conflict in the international arena.
Everyone, compatriot or not, has a claim to our respect and concern … but those who join with us in cooperative enterprises have patriotjsm claim to special patriotissm.
This portrayal does seem accurate as far as much patriotism as we know it is concerned. Discussions of both patriotism and nationalism are often marred by lack of clarity due to the failure to distinguish the two. There is also no reason vurtue that your being alive, is any more necessary than your being of organic matter, and here we can see that making ethical appeals to conventionally decided upon universals quickly breaks down.
Some do their part without giving much thought to the reasons for doing so; others believe that doing so is, in the long run, the most prudent policy; still others act out of altruistic motives. Since the rise of the nation-state, it has been widely held that some form of nationalism is indispensable as a pre-political basis of the unity of the state that makes for solidarity among citizens and provides them with motivation to participate in public life and make sacrifices for the common good.
As early aspolitical theorist Dolf Sternberger called for a new understanding of the concept of fatherland. If successful, that account shows that we do have a moral duty to abide by the laws of our country, to act as citizens, and that this duty is one of fairness.
By doing so, macitnyre will be attending to patriotiwm important aspect of our own moral identity and integrity. I think it is right and true to say that on an Aristotelian account the groups we belong to can require our devotion, and that they shape us, but for both Aristotle and Ivrtue political association is qualitatively different from, say, the chess league.
If a benefit is conferred inadvertently, or advisedly but for the wrong reason e. Actually, this is how we think of our special obligations to, and preferences for, our family, friends, or local community; this kind of partiality is legitimate, and indeed valuable, not only for us but for anyone.
Alasdair MacIntyre, for example, argues that morality is rooted in the life of a specific real community — a village, a city, a nation, with its idiosyncratic customs and history — and that, therefore, adherence to morality requires loyalty to such a community. Reprinted in Habermas, Between Facts and Norms: We are not transcendent.
It has no positive moral significance. In what is still the sole book-length philosophical study of the subject, Stephen Nathanson34—35 defines patriotism as involving: If not a duty, macibtyre patriotism morally valuable?
Institutions and traditions and culture for better or worse are the grounds for self. This is only a definition. The fatherland is the constitution, to which we give life. And further problem is patriitism political practices based on universalized human nature can lead to supremacist imperialism every bit as oppressive as parochial jingoism.
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MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism and PatriotismCambridge: If you do think your values, for example those of western liberal democracy, are the best at hand despite their flaws, feelings of universalized sympathy towards others might lead you to want to macintyte those values.
NathansonYet another objection would focus on the fundamentally irrational character of robust patriotism: There is no great difference between special affection and love, and Nathanson himself uses the terms interchangeably. This account of patriotism is exposed to several objections.
It is the second that is at issue. As we have seen, our ends our determined by the type of beings we are. Bernard Yack – – Critical Review 12 She would consider her own moral identity as bound up with that of her country, and the moral record of the patria as hers too. I do not believe in ideals or forms of community as a nostrum for contemporary social ills.
Simon Keller has examined patriotism from this point of view, and found it wanting. These benefits are made possible by cooperation of those who live in the country, participate in the enterprise, owe and render allegiance to the polity.
The kind of patriotism defended by Nathanson and Baron is moderate in several distinct, but related respects.
燈油火蠟剪貼簿: Alasdair MacIntyre: “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”
Adherents of both extreme and robust pafriotism will consider themselves bound to fight for their country whether its cause be just or not. But a person whose love for her country was not expressed in any special concern for it would scarcely be considered a patriot. Yet Keller may be overstating his case as one against patriotism as such.
To that extent, this type of patriotism is critical and rational.