21 Dec They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many. Moral values in the Oromo Gada system: an ethno-philosopical reflection. 9 Apr Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six.

Author: Shaktigal Malarn
Country: El Salvador
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 1 July 2016
Pages: 377
PDF File Size: 14.25 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.43 Mb
ISBN: 231-4-89472-750-6
Downloads: 95495
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Aragor

In the process of Gadaa governance Qaalluu is regarded as a representative of God, who is sstem to keep peace and order in the society. Baxter and Uri Almagor eds.

Gadaa – Wikipedia

He is president of the Gada Council established recently at Bishoftu to promote the Gada System, realize good governance and oromoo peace and stability of the Oromo people. The late Donald Oroom has said [4] that Gadaa is “one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination”.

So, Tulama Oromo conduct rain making prayers. Citizen apathy is at the root of our modern political system’s crisis. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa father of Gadaahistorians most often say that it is impossible to know about Oromo’s background without understanding the ruling scheme of the Gadaa System. The Gadamoji are similar to the? Gada, a puzzle or a Maze?

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

In our contemporary political system elections are conducted ststem five or four years in between which citizens often pay little attention to matters of government. Father and son are five grades apart at all times. Today, the sycamore tree is a symbolic representation of dialogue and consensus, where the local community comes together to make new rules and resolve disputes Sirna There is some historical evidence that in the 16 th?

Definition The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Oeomo for the last six hundred years. The Oromo Nation is the community concerned with the Gada system. Here we can see the enormous contribution of Qaalluu institution in Oromo’s politics.


Sirna [5] entitled “Ethiopia: It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. Generally speaking, Gadaa is a broad concept, and it is a system that consists a number of institutions, concepts, values and knowledge in it.

The councilors are elected and proclaimed as leaders of their group or class at the beginning of grade IV. Whereas, among the Borana-Oromo, the general assembly takes place once in eight in the middle of the term of office of a leader.

Differences in terms of age, status or political affiliation may not bar a person from taking part in the assembly. Any decision passed by the general assembly is final and cannot be reversed by any other assembly Asmerom The legislative and adjudicatory supremacy of the general assembly is historically conditioned and culturally deep-rooted.

Males are essential for the fertility of female: The most remarkable account of Oromo military organization is to be found in the Chronicle of Emperor Sussenyos who in his youth grew up among the Oromo as war captive.??

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People

Thus, an understanding of the System by different communities helps for inter-cultural dialogue and encourage mutual respect. According to the meaning given by scholars, the Gada System was associated with the development of religious and political culture of the Oromo. Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo Name of the element in the language and script of the community concerned: Name of the systdm in the language and script of the community concerned: Their positions are linked with those of their sons.

This is the turning point in the Gada cycle.

Read the original article on Ethiopian Herald. They also exchange these symbols. The assembly was led by a speaker – ex- Abba Gadaa. As to other scholars, the term Gadaa is very difficult to define precisely.

Zystem ordered the man to teach peoples of Walaabuu. Sysyem, after sons join the Gada System and collectively as a class pass through the five grades daballe, junior game, senior game, kussa, raba dorithe abbaa raagaa oral historians teach the sons argaa- dhageettii eyewitness accounts and oral traditions about history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myth, rules of conduct as well as the function and importance of the Gada System.


The transition from the third to the fourth grade syetem one of the most important events of the Gada institution. Should a member of a council is absent when an important activity is in progress or important issue is discussed the activity or the meeting must be postponed until the missing councilor is summoned.

The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo sysstem of East Africa for the last six hundred years.

Publishers named above each report are responsible for their own content, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or correct. Flowering and the ripping period of grains.

Under the Gada System, Oromo society is organized into five Gada generation classes or sets which rotate every eight years to assume political, economic and ritual responsibilities.

At a household level, parents transmit orally knowledge about the ethics, practices and rituals of the system and socialize their children into Gada culture. There were many age sets under each grade and many Cibras under one age set. Gada is a complex system that incorporates pivotal institutions such as moggaasa naturalizationguddifacha adoptionaraara conflict resolutiongumaa reparationrakoo marriage law waaqeffannaa Oromo religion and Siinqee institution to safeguard women right.

However there is penalty for his absence. Legesse [2] has written that Gadaa is “one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken”.

The Resurgence of Oromo Nationalism. AllAfrica publishes around reports a day from more than news organizations and over other institutions and individualsrepresenting a diversity of positions on every topic.

Problems and Purpose Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies the complex historical evolution of political systems.