2 Mar De Re Militavi, f86, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge) .. xxxiii () ; id. , “The influence of Vegetius’ De re militari”, Milituty Afluirs. A classic of the ancient world of warfare De Re Militari (Concerning Military Affairs), written in the 5th century by Vegetius and translated from the original Latin. Professor Everett L. Wheeler, review of The De Re Militari of Vegetius: The Reception, Transmission and Legacy of a Roman Text in the Middle Ages, ( review no.

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Thinking Like a Strategist. Or, if they are under great apprehensions of the enemy, they enlarge it to seventeen feet it being a general rule to observe odd numbers. In an open country you are vegetiud liable to be attacked by horse than foot.

Large open halls were likewise constructed in the same manner for the use of the infantry. My treatise on the choice and discipline of new levies met with a favorable reception from Your Majesty, and since a work succeeded so well, composed of my own accord, I can have no fears for one undertaken by your own express commands.

The Romans followed their example, and both practiced their institutions in their armies and preserved them in their writings. Campaign history Wars and battles. The infantry begin to form on a line vevetius the: For it is activity, improved by continual practice, which forms the useful and good soldier.

The recruits likewise are to be exercised with wooden swords at the post, to be taught to attack this imaginary antagonist on all sides and to aim at the sides, feet or head, both with the point and edge of the sword.

The excellence of their discipline made their small armies sufficient dw encounter all their enemies with success. All our writers agree that never more than two legions, besides auxiliaries, were sent under the command of each consul against the most numerous armies of the enemies.

The Vegetijs, Cornicines, and Buccinatores derive their appellations from blowing the trumpet, cornet, and buccina. Besides these are ten onagri, one for each cohort; they are drawn ready armed on carriages by oxen; in case of an attack, they defend the works of the camp by throwing stones as the balistae do darts. The ancients had likewise a body of light infantry, slingers, and ferentarii the light troopswho were generally posted on the wings and began the engagement.


De re militari – Wikipedia

The vacancies continually happening by sickness, discharges, desertion and various other casualties, if not supplied every year or even every month, must in time disable the most numerous army.

He who aspires to victory, should spare no pains to form his soldiers. For when he has once received the title of August, his subjects are bound to pay him the most sincere devotion and homage, as the representative of God on earth. In short, by this management, the Romans, almost continually engaged in war with different nations in different parts of the world, found themselves able to oppose them in every quarter.

They must be in more than sufficient quantity, and gathered into the strongest and most convenient cities before the opening of the campaign. But it was an invariable rule in their armies that the number of allies or auxiliaries should never exceed that of the Roman citizens. They must be instructed how to spring forward to give the blow, to rise with a bound above the shield and then to sink down and shelter themselves under cover of it, and how to advance and retire.

And these men, as soon as enlisted, should be taught to work on entrenchments, to march in ranks, to carry heavy burdens, and to bear the sun and dust.

They had likewise two other javelins, the largest of which was composed of a staff five feet and a half long and a triangular head of iron nine inches long. The legion owed its success, according to Vegetius, to its arms and its machines, as well as to the bravery of its soldiers. The ensign-bearers carry the ensigns and are called Draconarii. The triarii, according to their method vegetihs discipline, rested in time of action on one knee, under cover of their shields, so that in this position they might be less exposed to the darts of the enemy than if they stood upright; and also, when there was a necessity for bringing them up, that they might be fresh, in full vigor and charge with the greater impetuosity.

Vegetius on Strategy — Strategic Thinking

There was an eleventh bag also for a small contribution from the whole legion, as a common fund to defray the expense of burial of any of their deceased comrades.

Nor let this mllitari and loss of ancient discipline in any way affect Your Millitari, since it is a happiness reserved for You alone both to restore the ancient ordinances and establish new ones for the public welfare. The centurions measure the work with rods ten feet long and examine whether every one has properly completed the proportion assigned to him.


The name of each soldier was dd written on his shield, together with the number of the cohort and century to which he belonged. But on a march the soldier is less on his guard, has not his arms always ready and is thrown into disorder by a sudden attack or ambuscade. The Macedonians, the Greeks and the Dardanians formed their troops into phalanxes of eight thousand men each.

Part two addresses the use of Vegetius by prominent intellectuals and political figures from John of Salisbury to Machiavellitranslations of Vegetius into vernacular tongues, drawings and illustrations in the manuscripts, Vegetius in collections of excerpts, and the early printed editions.

Vegetuus cause of the weakness of our legions is that in them the soldiers find the duty hard, the arms heavy, the rewards distant and the discipline severe.

For the consequences of brave actions are only temporary, while whatever is committed to writing for public milutari is of lasting benefit.

The military mark, which is indelible, is first imprinted on the hands of the new levies, and as their names are inserted in the roll of the vetetius they take the usual oath, called the military oath. It was the ancient regulation that practice marches of this distance must be made three times a month. Against this, as against a real enemy, the recruit was exercised with the above mentioned arms, as it were with the common shield and sword, sometimes aiming At veetius head or face, sometimes at the sides, at others endeavoring to strike at the thighs or legs.

Great caution is requisite that the unsuspecting simplicity of the inhabitants be not imposed on by the treachery or perjury of the enemy, for pretended conferences and deceitful appearance of truces have often been more fatal than force.